Level groups in secondary school: 'more suitable' for learning or 'harmful' for students... why does the measure divide so much?

Level groups in secondary school: ‘more suitable’ for learning or ‘harmful’ for students… why does the measure divide so much?

“Level groups” for Gabriel Attal, “needs groups” for Nicole Belloubet, the Minister of National Education… why does the government insist on this measure contested by teachers? La Dépêche compared the arguments.

Gabriel Attal said it again: the level groups will be “the rule”, the whole class will be “the exception”. But what exactly are we talking about and why does this topic cause so much resistance among teachers? La Dépêche explains the elements of the debate to you.

What are we talking about?

The government plans that from the start of the school year in September 2024, 6th and 5th grade students will be divided into three smaller groups for math and French lessons. There will be the “needs” groups, the “low to medium” groups and the “satisfactory and above” levels. For other subjects such as languages ​​or history-geography, students return to their classrooms. Such level groups will also be announced on September 4 and 3 from September 2025.

Why does the government rely on level groups?

For Gabriel Attal, heterogeneous classes “drag everyone down.” Teachers would thus be forced to take time to re-explain a concept to more struggling students, which would prevent others from making progress. This is why the tenant of Matignon strongly believes in level groups, in subjects considered fundamental, namely French and mathematics.

Among the arguments put forward by the government to justify this educational change, we find the usefulness of smaller groups for learning. In order to “raise the general level”, the Prime Minister therefore plans to make the college “more modular”, in order to adapt as much as possible to everyone’s level. An argument validated by IDEE (Innovations, data and experiments in education), a research program on education, which considers that “permanent groupings such as level classes are ineffective”.

Why are teachers so reluctant?

But these groups are warning teachers who fear they will see the precious emulation that can draw students to the top disappear. For some of them, this “sorting of students in secondary school would amount to “pushing students who are already in difficulties” and pose a significant risk to “social diversity in secondary school”, as Franck Calmels, from the trade union SE-Unsa, entrusted. According to Cyril Mazzon of Sgen-CFDT, these level groups also require resources that do not currently exist. According to the ministry, this system will even require 1,150 additional French teachers. a lot of math.

Teachers fear that these level groups will be set up “at the expense of other disciplines such as languages ​​or sciences, which are currently taught in half groups,” says Cyril Mazzon.

Finally, South West recalls that for SNPDEN-UNSA, the majority union of heads of institutions, the creation of these level groups is “contrary to (its) values”.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *